The Bill was cleared by Lok Sabha on Monday after a brief debate.
The opposition wanted the Bill to be referred to a standing committee. However, the government rejected this demand.
Sources in the government said the Bill would solve the “major problem” of multiple enrolment of the same person at different places and help in “cleaning” the voters’ list to a great extent.
The Bill incorporates various electoral reforms which have been discussed for a long time. The government sources shared a 2018 statement of the Election Commission following a meeting of all recognised national and regional parties on various electoral reforms.
“Political parties urged the commission to link Aadhaar numbers with electors’ detail for better electoral roll management,” the EC had then said.
Registration in the electoral roll is done based on an application by a person who is eligible to be registered as a voter and this bill has a provision whereby the new applicant may voluntarily provide the Aadhaar number along with the application for the purpose of identity, government sources said.
No application will be rejected on the grounds that Aadhaar number has not been provided, the sources added.
Aadhaar linking with electoral roll will solve “one of the major problems” in electoral database management which is multiple enrolment of the same person at different places, they said.
This may be due to the frequent shifting of residence by electors and getting enrolled in the new place without deleting the previous enrolment, the sources noted.
Thus, the possibility of electors whose names appear in more than one electoral roll or at times more than once in the same electoral roll can be removed, they said.
Once Aadhaar linkage is achieved, the electoral roll data system will instantly alert the existence of previous registration(s) whenever a person applies for new registration, the sources said.
This will help in “cleaning” the electoral roll to a great extent and facilitate voter registration in the location at which they are ‘ordinarily resident,’ the sources added.