March 24, 2023

qes: Employment in 9 key sectors rose by 2 lakh in July-September quarter – Times of India

NEW DELHI: India’s formal sector employment in nine selected sectors grew by 2 lakh in the July to September quarter of 2021, compared to the three months to June, the quarterly employment survey (QES) showed.
The estimated increase in jobs in nine key sectors including manufacturing, education, health and the IT/BPO sector totalled 3.10 crore between July and September 2021 as the Covid-19 pandemic subsided to some extent and curbs were lifted across states.
The other sectors assessed are transport, trade, construction, accommodation and restaurant, health, and financial services. The manufacturing sector posted the maximum growth and now accounts for 39.1% of total employment, followed by education at 22% and health at 10.8%, the report said.
In the first round of the survey released in September last year, employment in these sectors had risen by 29% to 3.08 crore in the first quarter of 2021-22 as compared to 2.37 crore reported in the sixth Economic Census in 2013-14.
The report of the second round of QES which was released on Monday by Union labour and employment minister Bhupender Yadav also showed an overall increase in the percentage of female workers at 32.1%, compared to 29.3% reported during the first round of QES. The survey has been planned to bolster the government’s emphasis on evidence based policy using the latest available data.
“Regular workers constitute 87% of the estimated workforce in the nine selected sectors, with only 2% being casual workers,” the ministry reported, while adding that 20% of workers in the construction sector were contractual and 6.4% were casual workers.
Yadav said the government had earlier used the Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) for getting employment sector data. However, while the PLFS only indicated the supply side information about the labour market, The QES was now presenting an overall picture of the employment situation, including on the demand side.
“The QES gives a consolidated view of employment from demand side at regular intervals. This data will help the government make evidence-based policy,” Yadav said. The second round also showed regular workers constituting 87% of the estimated workforce in the nine selected non-farm sectors, with only 2% in the casual workers category.
In the construction sector, this number is higher, with 20% workers being contractual and 6.4% as casual workers.
The survey also suggested 98.3% establishments were located outside households, though 5.1% units in the accommodation and restaurants sector — the highest among all sectors — were found to operate from within households.
Significantly, the QES indicated that close to 90% establishments surveyed had less than 100 workers. In the IT/BPO sector about 30% establishments had at least 100 workers. In the health sector, 19% establishments had 100 or more workers. In the transport sector, 14% establishments were operating with 100 or more workers.
The survey also showed results about the education qualifications of employees working in these nine sectors. While 91.6% of those employed in the IT/BPO sector were graduates or higher, nearly 60% in the financial services had a graduate degree at least. About 28% people in seven of the nine sectors (excluding education and health) had matriculation certificates or less. In the health sector, for instance, 18% non-clinical workers were matriculates or lower.

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